Turkey is domestically called Turkiye and the form of government it has is Republic.
The capital city of Turkey is Istanbul and boasts a population of 3.6 million.
The Turkish flag is is made up of red with a vertical white crescent moon (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening; the flag colors and designs closely resemble those on the banner of Ottoman Empire, which preceded modern-day Turkey; the crescent moon and star serve as insignia for the Turks, as well as being traditional symbols of Islam; according to legend, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors and is presented above.
The National symbol of Turkey is star and crescent.
The National hymn of Turkey is ""?stiklâl Mar??" ("The March of Independence")" which was composed by Osman Zeki Üngör.